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WMI Tasks using Delphi – Operating Systems

3 Comments

How do I determine if a service pack has been installed on a computer?

Use the Win32_OperatingSystem class and check the value of the ServicePackMajorVersion and ServicePackMinorVersion properties.

const
  wbemFlagForwardOnly = $00000020;
var
  FSWbemLocator : OLEVariant;
  FWMIService   : OLEVariant;
  FWbemObjectSet: OLEVariant;
  FWbemObject   : OLEVariant;
  oEnum         : IEnumvariant;
  iValue        : LongWord;
begin;
  FSWbemLocator := CreateOleObject('WbemScripting.SWbemLocator');
  FWMIService   := FSWbemLocator.ConnectServer('localhost', 'root\CIMV2', '', '');
  FWbemObjectSet:= FWMIService.ExecQuery('SELECT ServicePackMajorVersion,ServicePackMinorVersion FROM Win32_OperatingSystem','WQL',wbemFlagForwardOnly);
  oEnum         := IUnknown(FWbemObjectSet._NewEnum) as IEnumVariant;
  if oEnum.Next(1, FWbemObject, iValue) = 0 then
  begin
    Writeln(Format('ServicePack  %d.%d',[Integer(FWbemObject.ServicePackMajorVersion),Integer(FWbemObject.ServicePackMinorVersion)]));
    FWbemObject:=Unassigned;
  end;
end;

How do I determine when the operating system was installed on a computer?

Use the Win32_OperatingSystem class and the InstallDate property.

const
  wbemFlagForwardOnly = $00000020;
var
  FSWbemLocator : OLEVariant;
  FWMIService   : OLEVariant;
  FWbemObjectSet: OLEVariant;
  FWbemObject   : OLEVariant;
  oEnum         : IEnumvariant;
  iValue        : LongWord;
  FWbemDateObj  : OleVariant;
  Dt            : TDateTime;
begin;
  FWbemDateObj  := CreateOleObject('WbemScripting.SWbemDateTime');
  FSWbemLocator := CreateOleObject('WbemScripting.SWbemLocator');
  FWMIService   := FSWbemLocator.ConnectServer('localhost', 'root\CIMV2', '', '');
  FWbemObjectSet:= FWMIService.ExecQuery('SELECT InstallDate FROM Win32_OperatingSystem','WQL',wbemFlagForwardOnly);
  oEnum         := IUnknown(FWbemObjectSet._NewEnum) as IEnumVariant;
  if oEnum.Next(1, FWbemObject, iValue) = 0 then
  begin
    FWbemDateObj.Value:=FWbemObject.InstallDate;
    Dt:=FWbemDateObj.GetVarDate;
    Writeln(Format('InstallDate %s',[FormatDateTime('dd mmm yyyy',dt)]));
    FWbemObject:=Unassigned;
  end;
end;

How do I determine which version of the Windows operating system is installed on a computer?

Use the Win32_OperatingSystem class, and retrieve both the Name and Version properties.

const
  wbemFlagForwardOnly = $00000020;
var
  FSWbemLocator : OLEVariant;
  FWMIService   : OLEVariant;
  FWbemObjectSet: OLEVariant;
  FWbemObject   : OLEVariant;
  oEnum         : IEnumvariant;
  iValue        : LongWord;
begin;
  FSWbemLocator := CreateOleObject('WbemScripting.SWbemLocator');
  FWMIService   := FSWbemLocator.ConnectServer('localhost', 'root\CIMV2', '', '');
  FWbemObjectSet:= FWMIService.ExecQuery('SELECT Name, Version FROM Win32_OperatingSystem','WQL',wbemFlagForwardOnly);
  oEnum         := IUnknown(FWbemObjectSet._NewEnum) as IEnumVariant;
  if oEnum.Next(1, FWbemObject, iValue) = 0 then
  begin
    Writeln(Format('%s %s',[String(FWbemObject.Name),String(FWbemObject.Version)]));
    FWbemObject:=Unassigned;
  end;
end;

How do I determine which folder is the Windows folder (%Windir%) on a computer?

Use the Win32_OperatingSystem class, and check the value of the WindowsDirectory property.

const
  wbemFlagForwardOnly = $00000020;
var
  FSWbemLocator : OLEVariant;
  FWMIService   : OLEVariant;
  FWbemObjectSet: OLEVariant;
  FWbemObject   : OLEVariant;
  oEnum         : IEnumvariant;
  iValue        : LongWord;
begin;
  FSWbemLocator := CreateOleObject('WbemScripting.SWbemLocator');
  FWMIService   := FSWbemLocator.ConnectServer('localhost', 'root\CIMV2', '', '');
  FWbemObjectSet:= FWMIService.ExecQuery('SELECT WindowsDirectory  FROM Win32_OperatingSystem','WQL',wbemFlagForwardOnly);
  oEnum         := IUnknown(FWbemObjectSet._NewEnum) as IEnumVariant;
  if oEnum.Next(1, FWbemObject, iValue) = 0 then
  begin
    Writeln(Format('Windows Path %s',[String(FWbemObject.WindowsDirectory)]));
    FWbemObject:=Unassigned;
  end;
end;

How do I determine what hotfixes have been installed on a computer?

Use the Win32_QuickFixEngineering class. for more samples about this topic check this article search for installed windows updates using Delphi, WMI and WUA

const
  wbemFlagForwardOnly = $00000020;
var
  FSWbemLocator : OLEVariant;
  FWMIService   : OLEVariant;
  FWbemObjectSet: OLEVariant;
  FWbemObject   : OLEVariant;
  oEnum         : IEnumvariant;
  iValue        : LongWord;
begin;
  FSWbemLocator := CreateOleObject('WbemScripting.SWbemLocator');
  FWMIService   := FSWbemLocator.ConnectServer('localhost', 'root\CIMV2', '', '');
  FWbemObjectSet:= FWMIService.ExecQuery('SELECT Description,HotFixID  FROM Win32_QuickFixEngineering','WQL',wbemFlagForwardOnly);
  oEnum         := IUnknown(FWbemObjectSet._NewEnum) as IEnumVariant;
  while oEnum.Next(1, FWbemObject, iValue) = 0 do
  begin
    Writeln(Format('HotFix %s',[String(FWbemObject.HotFixID)]));
    Writeln(Format('Description %s',[String(FWbemObject.Description)]));
    FWbemObject:=Unassigned;
  end;
end;

This entry is based in the MSDN article WMI Tasks: Operating Systems

Author: Rodrigo

Just another Delphi guy.

3 thoughts on “WMI Tasks using Delphi – Operating Systems

  1. more of this!!!

  2. Excelentes tips. Le has dado duro al WMI demostrando lo poderoso de esta herramienta, por ello estoy muy agradecido y de paso consultar si es posible determinar otras cosas como pro ejemplo, que versión de .NET y/o actualizaciones (parches) de Windows están instaladas.

    Gracias por todos tus aportes.

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